Obesity is a public health concern presenting worldwide relevance. The location of body fat deposition is associated with an increased risk of developing chronic non-communicable diseases with an emphasis on abdominal obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption, physical activity, and abdominal obesity in women from a region in Brazil.
Cross-sectional study with 150 women. Anthropometric variables were evaluated. Food consumption was investigated through three 24-hour food records and the frequency of food consumption was assessed by the Food Consumption Marker Form of the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System (SISVAN). Physical activity (PA) was accessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Data from the food recalls were submitted to Avanutri® software, and the energy variation was corrected by the residual method. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Student's t-test, and Mann-Whitney/Wilcoxon Two-Sample tests were performed. Prevalence ratios (PR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated.
The prevalence of general obesity, abdominal obesity, and less physically active were 33.33%, 82.00%, and 50.67% respectively. Regarding the group, less than 25% consumed cooked vegetables every day, and around 20.0% consumed snacks, sweets, and soft drinks three times or more per week. Vitamins A, C, E, fiber, zinc, and calcium were below the recommendation regarding abdominal obesity or not. Statistically, the abdominal obese group was associated with higher iron intake (PR=0.27; 95%CI=0.08–0.91; p<0.05) and cooked vegetables (PR=0.20; 95% CI=0.05-0.89; p=0.01) compared to the non-abdominal obese group, however, it remains below the recommendations.
There is a high prevalence of abdominal obesity in the sample studied. Low consumption of markers of healthy food intake per week, an insufficient micronutrient intake, and a lower level of physical activity were present regardless the abdominal obesity.